How do I set maintenance mode on?
WP-CLI's command wp maintenance-mode creates .maintanance file to the root of the WordPress installation.
$ wp maintenance-mode activate Enabling Maintenance mode... Success: Activated Maintenance mode.
The file sets WordPress installation to maintenance mode, during which you can not access the WordPress page through a browser.
You can end the maintenance mode by using command wp maintenance-mode deactivate. This removes the .maintenance file.
$ wp maintenance-mode deactivate Disabling Maintenance mode... Success: Deactivated Maintenance mode.
WordPress documentation on wp maintenance-mode
You can also set the page to a maintenance mode using a maintenance plugin.
Maintenance is easy to easy and efficient plugin. After installing the plug-in you can activate a maintenance mode. From settings you can adjust the look of the maintenance mode. Once in the maintenance mode, in the right of the screen there is a lock icon that you can use to login in to the website.
If necessary, empty the WordPress cache to enter maintenance mode immediately.